Social Movements Three Major Perspectives in Sociology Sociologists analyze social phenomena at different levels and from different perspectives.
Chapter 03 - Social Theories Making Sense of Abstract Theories Sociological theories are the core and underlying strength of the discipline. They guide researchers in their studies. They also guide practitioners in their intervention strategies. And they will provide you with a basic understanding of how to see the larger social picture in your own personal life.
Goggles work because the best scientific components work together to magnify, enlarge, clarify, and expand to our view the thing we are studying.
Theories are sets of inter-related concepts and ideas that have been scientifically tested and combined to magnify, enlarge, clarify, and expand our understanding of people, their behaviors, and their societies.
Without theories, science would be a futile exercise in statistics. In the diagram below you can see the process by which a theory leads sociologist to perform a certain type of study with certain types of questions that can test the assumptions of the theory.
Once the study is administered the findings and generalizations can be considered to see if they support the theory. If they do, similar studies will be performed to repeat and fine-tune the process. If the findings and generalizations do not support the theory, the sociologist rethinks and revisits the assumptions they made.
They devised a theory on aging that had assumptions built into it. These were simply put, that all elderly people realize the inevitability of death and begin to systematically disengage from their previous youthful roles while at the same time society prepares to disengage from them see Maddox et al.
NY for much more detail. Cumming and Henry tested their theory on a large number of elderly persons. Findings and generalization consistently yielded a "no" in terms of support for this theory. Theories have to be supported by research and they also provide a framework for how specific research should be conducted.
By the way theories can be used to study society—millions of people in a state, country, or even at the world level. When theories are used at this level they are referred to as Macro Theories.
Macro theories are theories which best fit the study of massive numbers of people typically Conflict and Functional theories. When theories are used to study small groups or individuals, say a couple, family, or team, they are referred to as being Micro Theories.
Micro Theories are theories which best fit the study of small groups and their members typically Symbolic Interactionism or Social Exchange theories.
In many cases, any of the four main theories can be applied at either the macro or micro levels. There are really two distinct types of theories:The Functions of Formal Education Systems: The Marxist Perspective.
The Marxist analysis of formal education systems within capitalist societies must be considered in the context of Marx's overall analysis of Capitalism based on the existence of social classes around the capitalist production process, the inevitability of class exploitation and of a conflict between the property-owning.
In this lesson, you will explore the theories of Karl Marx and discover how he contributed to the field of sociology. Then, test your understanding with a brief quiz. Social theories are analytical frameworks, or paradigms, that are used to study and interpret social phenomena.
A tool used by social scientists, social theories relate to historical debates over the validity and reliability of different methodologies (e.g. positivism and antipositivism), the primacy of either structure or agency, as well as the relationship between contingency and necessity.
A collection of scholarly works about individual liberty and free markets. A project of Liberty Fund, Inc. Facsimile PDF MB This is a facsimile or image-based PDF made from scans of the original book.
Kindle KB This is an E-book formatted for Amazon Kindle devices. EBook PDF KB This. Formal school argued in favor of giving sociology a definite subject matter to make it a distinct discipline. It emphasized upon the study of forms of social relationships and regarded sociology as independent.
According to Simmel sociology is a specific social science which describes, classifies. LUOA offers a variety of Dual Enrollment courses to 11th and 12th grade students.
Take a look at the current available courses, as well as the course syllabus.