How to Prevent Schizophrenia Introduction Experts now agree that schizophrenia develops as a result of interplay between biological predisposition for example, inheriting certain genes and the kind of environment a person is exposed to.
Brain structure Brain development Scientists believe that many different genes may increase the risk of schizophrenia development, but that no single gene causes the disorder by itself.
It is not yet possible to use genetic information to predict who will develop schizophrenia.
What are the symptoms of schizophrenia? Answer Schizophrenia can have very different symptoms in different people. The way the disease manifests itself and progresses in a person depends on the time of onset, severity, and duration of symptoms, which are categorized as positive, negative and cognitive.
All three kinds of symptoms reflect problems in brain function. Relapse and remission cycles often occur; a person can get better, worse and better again repeatedly over time. Positive symptoms, which can be severe or mild, include delusions, hallucinations, and thought disorders. Some psychiatrists also include psychomotor problems that affect movement in this category.
Delusions, hallucinations and inner voices are collectively called psychosiswhich also can be a hallmark of other serious mental illnesses such as bipolar disorder. Delusions lead people to believe others are monitoring or threatening them, or reading their thoughts. Hallucinations cause a patient to hear, see, feel or smell something that is not there.
Thought disorders may involve difficulty putting cohesive thoughts together or making sense of speech. Psychomotor problems may appear as clumsiness, unusual mannerisms or repetitive actions, and in extreme cases, motionless rigidity held for extended periods of time.
Negative symptoms include loss or reduction in the ability to initiate plans, speak, express emotion or find pleasure in life. They include emotional flatness or lack of expression, diminished ability to begin and sustain a planned activity, social withdrawal and apathy.
These symptoms can be mistaken for laziness or depression. Cognitive deficits are the most disabling for patients trying to lead a normal life. At what age do the symptoms of schizophrenia appear?
Answer Schizophrenia affects men and women equally. It occurs at similar rates in all ethnic groups around the world.
Symptoms such as hallucinations and delusions usually start between ages 16 and Psychotic disorders are a group of serious illnesses that affect the mind. They make it hard for someone to think clearly, make good judgments, respond emotionally, communicate effectively. Some kinds of psychosis are brought on by specific conditions or circumstances that include the following: Brief psychotic disorder.
Brief psychotic disorder, sometimes called brief reactive. These movies have been chosen based on their entertainment value, popularity, and realism in representing Dissociative Identity Disorder (Multiple Personality Disorder, sometimes incorrectly called ' Split Personality ").
Overview. Schizophrenia is a serious mental disorder in which people interpret reality abnormally. Schizophrenia may result in some combination of hallucinations, delusions, and extremely disordered thinking and behavior that impairs daily functioning, and can be disabling.
Bipolar disorder and schizophrenia have some aspects in common, but here are two of the main differences: Symptoms. Bipolar disorder causes strong shifts in energy, mood, and activity levels. A. Overweight women limited their weight gain with a diet and exercise program during pregnancy, but it did not lower their rate of complications like gestational diabetes.