Elizabethan Theater The Quotes about William Shakespeare William Shakespeare is the most widely read of all Authors and the popularity of the works of Shakespeare, in English speaking countries, is second only to the Bible.
Origins[ edit ] Chaucer as a pilgrim from the Ellesmere manuscript Geoffrey Chaucer was born in London sometime aroundthough the precise date and location of his birth remain unknown.
His father and grandfather were both London vintners ; several previous generations had been merchants in Ipswich. His family name derives from the French chausseur, meaning "shoemaker".
Career[ edit ] While records concerning the lives of his contemporary friends, William Langland and the Pearl Poetare practically non-existent, since Chaucer was a public servant, his official life is very well documented, with nearly five hundred written items testifying to his career.
The countess was married to Lionel, Duke of Clarencethe second surviving son of the king, Edward IIIand the position brought the teenage Chaucer into the close court circle, where he was to remain for the rest of his life.
Inhe was captured during the siege of Rheims. AroundChaucer married Philippa de Roet. It is uncertain how many children Chaucer and Philippa had, but three or four are most commonly cited. His son, Thomas Chaucerhad an illustrious career, as chief butler to four kings, envoy to France, and Speaker of the House of Commons.
He became a member of the royal court of Edward III as a valet de chambreyeomanor esquire on 20 Junea position which could entail a wide variety of tasks.
His wife also received a pension for court employment. He travelled abroad many times, at least some of them in his role as a valet.
Two other literary stars of the era were in attendance: Jean Froissart and Petrarch. Around this time, Chaucer is believed to have written The Book of the Duchess in honour of Blanche of Lancasterthe late wife of John of Gaunt, who died in of the plague.
Numerous scholars such as Skeat, Boitani, and Rowland  suggested that, on this Italian trip, he came into contact with Petrarch or Boccaccio. They introduced him to medieval Italian poetrythe forms and stories of which he would use later.
Later documents suggest it was a mission, along with Jean Froissart, to arrange a marriage between the future King Richard II and a French princess, thereby ending the Hundred Years War.
If this was the purpose of their trip, they seem to have been unsuccessful, as no wedding occurred. It has been speculated that it was Hawkwood on whom Chaucer based his character the Knight in the Canterbury Tales, for a description matches that of a 14th-century condottiere.
A 19th-century depiction of Chaucer A possible indication that his career as a writer was appreciated came when Edward III granted Chaucer "a gallon of wine daily for the rest of his life" for some unspecified task. Chaucer continued to collect the liquid stipend until Richard II came to power, after which it was converted to a monetary grant on 18 April Chaucer obtained the very substantial job of comptroller of the customs for the port of London, which he began on 8 June His life goes undocumented for much of the next ten years, but it is believed that he wrote or began most of his famous works during this period.
He was mentioned in law papers of 4 Mayinvolved in the raptus of Cecilia Chaumpaigne. He is thought to have started work on The Canterbury Tales in the early s. He survived the political upheavals caused by the Lords Appellantsdespite the fact that Chaucer knew some of the men executed over the affair quite well.
It may have been a difficult job, but it paid well: He was granted an annual pension of twenty pounds by Richard II in The last few records of his life show his pension renewed by the new king, and his taking of a lease on a residence within the close of Westminster Abbey on 24 December The last mention of Chaucer is on 5 Junewhen some monies owed to him were paid.
He is believed to have died of unknown causes on 25 Octoberbut there is no firm evidence for this date, as it comes from the engraving on his tomb, erected more than one hundred years after his death. A Medieval Mystery —that he was murdered by enemies of Richard II or even on the orders of his successor Henry IV, but the case is entirely circumstantial.
Relationship to John of Gaunt[ edit ] Chaucer was a close friend of John of Gauntthe wealthy Duke of Lancaster and father of the future King of Englandand served under his patronage. Near the end of their lives Lancaster and Chaucer became brothers-in-law. Although Philippa died c. Chaucer retorts that "My frend maystow nat reven, blind goddesse" 50 and orders her to take away those who merely pretend to be his friends.
The three princes are believed to represent the dukes of Lancaster, Yorkand Gloucesterand a portion of line 76, "as three of you or tweyne," to refer to the ordinance of which specified that no royal gift could be authorised without the consent of at least two of the three dukes.
Fortune states three times in her response to the plaintiff, "And also, you still have your best friend alive" 32, 40, 48 ; she also references his "beste frend" in the envoy when appealing to his "noblesse" to help Chaucer to a higher estate.
A fifth reference is made by "Chaucer as narrator" who rails at Fortune that she shall not take his friend from him. While the envoy playfully hints to Lancaster that Chaucer would certainly appreciate a boost to his status or income, the poem Fortune distinctively shows his deep appreciation and affection for John of Gaunt.Essay on Male Fear in Historic Literature - In reading many of the works of the authors of our past such as William Shakespeare, Geoffrey Chaucer, and Kalidasa we tend to see a reoccurring theme in many of the works of times past.
May 06, · Character Construction in Chaucer’s Troilus and Criseyde Chaucer’s epic poem, Troilus and Criseyde, is not a new tale, but one Chaucer merely expanded upon. One of these expansions that Chaucer’s work has become renowned for is the improvement of the characters.
Visit this comprehensive site including Quotes about William Shakespeare. Educational resource for Quotes about William Shakespeare. Comprehensive Quotes about William Shakespeare from famous. leslutinsduphoenix.com: The Best Poems of the English Language: From Chaucer Through Frost (): Harold Bloom: Books.
Chaucer Verse Shakespeare Raveena Shurgill. Classic works read by generations of readers worldwide all have one characteristic in common: they are enticing enough to become a classic. Geoffrey Chaucer (/ ˈ tʃ ɔː s ər /; c.
– 25 October ), known as the Father of English literature, is widely considered the greatest English poet of the Middle Ages.