And aesthetic judgements, especially literary judgements, are often corrupted in the same way as political ones. It would be difficult for an Indian Nationalist to enjoy reading Kipling or for a Conservative to see merit in Mayakovsky, and there is always a temptation to claim that any book whose tendency one disagrees with must be a bad book from a literary point of view. People of strongly nationalistic outlook often perform this sleight of hand without being conscious of dishonesty. In England, if one simply considers the number of people involved, it is probable that the dominant form of nationalism is old-fashioned British jingoism.
The growth of Indian nationalism started in the nineteenth century. Political unification of India, fall of India's old social and economic system, the beginning of modern trade and industry and the rise of new social classes laid the basis of nationalism.
The social and religious reform movements and popular anti-British revolts contributed to the growth of nationalism. The farmers were suffering under the new land tenure systems introduced by the British government.
The Indian industrialists were sad because of the economic policy of the British government. All import duties on cotton textiles were removed inwhich harmed the textile industry.
The people of India became aware of the fact that the development of their country was not possible unless British rule was ended. There was a series of famines, which took a toll of millions of human lives, due to the indifference of the autocratic British administration. The Indian Civil Service, which ran the administration of the country, also consisted mostly of Englishmen.
It was difficult for the Indians to get selected in the I. The examinations were held in England and few could afford to appear for them. After the revolt, the feeling of racial superiority grew and every thing Indian appeared in terror to them.
There were special clubs and railway coaches for Europeans where the entry of Indians was prohibited. The Ilbert Bill sought to bring Indians and Europeans at par as the criminal jurisdiction of courts was concerned and to withdraw the privilege enjoyed by Europeans of being tried by a judge of their own race only.
The Europeans protested against it and at last it was withdrawn. The vernacular Press Act of imposed severe restrictions on the freedom of the Press. The Arms Act of forbade the possession of arms by Indians. In the 20th century, the ideas of socialism and internationalism influenced India's struggle for independence.nationalism in india.
Chapter 3 Nationalism in India Nationalism It involves a strong identification of a group of individuals with a political entity defined in national terms, i.e., a nation.
Modern nationalism was associated with the formation of nation-states. Now that the brief visit of the Dynamo football team has come to an end, it is possible to say publicly what many thinking people were saying privately before the Dynamos ever arrived.
“Suicide of the West,” subtitled “An Essay on the Meaning and Destiny of Liberalism,” is a classic work of political science, now fifty years old. Majoritarian politics results from the patiently constructed self-image of an aggrieved, besieged majority that believes itself to be long-suffering and refuses to suffer in silence anymore.
The cultivation of this sense of injury is the necessary precondition for the lynchings, . Nationalism is essentially a democratic ideal and as such, it is opposed to all those forces, which impede the growth of the group personality of a people.
If individual liberty is recognised as an indispensable condition for the fullest development of all that is good in the individual the liberty of a nation is equally so.
India Web Sites; Lesson Plans, Teacher Guides, Activities, and more; India Web Sites. Ancient India – The British Museum The British Museum’s online offerings are impressive.