He hopes others can learn from his mistakes. He has classified his mistakes under 3 topics:
If the actual data to be stored are text characters, like a simple document, then text-formatted storage is appropriate. Unless the file also contains binary information such as formatting information or images, in which case binary is neccessary.
For numbers, binary storage is faster for the computer to read and write, and also requires less storage space for the same amount of data.
Or even Microsoft Word, except you have to be careful to save the file as a plain-text file, without any formatting information, i. Reading and writing text files normally uses the fprintf and fscanf functions, which are easily understood by anyone who knows printf and scanf.
Basics of Reading and Writing Text Files In order to read from or write to simple text files, three steps are needed: Open the file using fopen Read from the file using fscanf or write to the file using fprintf Close the file using fclose.
Before a file can be used, it has to be opened. One command for doing this is the system call fopen, which has the prototype: The mode indicates whether the file should be opened for reading or writing or a few other things we won't worry about right nowand is expressed as a quoted string such as "r".
For now we are only interested in the following modes: The stream is positioned at the beginning of the file. The file is created if it does not exist, otherwise it is truncated.
The file is created if it does not exist. The stream is positioned at the end of the file. The initial file position for reading is at the beginning of the file, but output is always appended to the end of the file. Check the return value to make sure it is not equal to NULL before using it.
If fopen returns NULL, then it was unable to open the requested file for some reason. Although it is somewhat common to redirect stdout to a file for later use.
The benefit of having both stdout and stderr is that if the "results" of the program written to stdout are redirected to a file, then the messages written to stderr are still sent to the screen.Probably the first copying of the syntax to outside the C language was the Unix printf shell command, which first appeared in Version 4, as part of the porting to C..
Format placeholder specification. Formatting takes place via placeholders within the format string. fwprintf_s is a wide-character version of fprintf_s; in fwprintf_s, format is a wide-character string. These functions behave identically if the stream is opened in ANSI mode. These functions behave identically if the stream is opened in ANSI mode.
dynamic array used in fread, fwrite.
>>or there is some way to write the whole 2D array at once with fread or fwrite, I recommend using a vector. #include Programming for You: Introduction to C++.
Premium. Premium members can enroll in this course at no extra cost. Write formatted data to stream Writes the C wide string pointed by format to the stream.
If format includes format specifiers (subsequences beginning with %), the additional arguments following format are formatted and inserted in the resulting string replacing their respective specifiers.
Write float arrays to a text file You are encouraged to solve this task according to the task description, using any language you may know.
Write block of data to stream Writes an array of count elements, each one with a size of size bytes, from the block of memory pointed by ptr to the current position in the stream. The position indicator of the stream is advanced by the total number of bytes written.