Princeton, Massachusetts German-born American physicist and scientist The German-born American physicist one who studies matter and energy and the relationships between them Albert Einstein revolutionized the science of physics. He is best known for his theory of relativity, which holds that measurements of space and time vary according to conditions such as the state of motion of the observer. Early years and education Albert Einstein was born on March 14,in Ulm, Germany, but he grew up and obtained his early education in Munich, Germany. He was a poor student, and some of his teachers thought he might be retarded mentally handicapped ; he was unable to speak fluently with ease and grace at age nine.
Beginning in he received private education in order to get prepared for school. Beginning in he received his primary education at a Catholic school in Munich Petersschule ; in he changed over to the Luitpold-Gymnasium, also in Munich.
However, as this education was not to his liking and, in addition, he did not get along with his form-master he left this school in without a degree and joined his family in Italy where they had settled meanwhile.
However, some of his results were insufficient and, following the advice of the rector, he attended the "Kantonsschule" in the town of Aarau in order to improve his knowledge. In early October he received his school-leaving certificate and shortly thereafter enrolled at the Eidgenoessische Polytechnische Schule with the goal of becoming a teacher in Mathematics and Physics.
Einstein, being an average student, finished his studies with a diploma degree in July He then applied, without success, for assistantships at the Polytechnische Schule and other universities.
Meanwhile he had abandoned the German citizenship and formally applied for the Swiss one which he was granted on February 21, Between May and January he was teacher in Winterthur and Schaffhausen. Afterwards he moved to the Swiss capital Bern.
In order to make his living, he gave private lessons in mathematics and physics. During meetings in the evening scientific and philosophical questions were discussed. Einstein himself noted that this academy was beneficial for his career and even when he already lived in the US, he remained a loyal member.
That Einstein had an illegitimate child has been only learned a few years ago when private letters mentioning this child were published. On January 6, he married Mileva Maric - against the wills of both families. Through mediation of a former fellow-student, Marcel Grossmann, in December Einstein applied for a position at the Bernese patent-office which he was granted, initially for a time of probation only.
Beginning on June 23, he became technical expert, third class, at this office. Despite of the work associated with this position he found time for further research in theoretical physics.
Marcel Grossmann" Bern, April Published by: During this same year he published four pioneering papers in the scientific magazine "Annalen der Physik" which revolutionized physics around the turn of the century.
Three of the papers will be briefly mentioned here: In the first article "On A Heuristic Point of View Concerning the Production and Transformation of Light" Einstein proposed that electromagnetic radiation must consist of quantums or photons.
Even though this theory is capable of explaining - among other things - the photoelectric effect it was at first rejected by physicists, namely by the pioneer of modern physics, Max Planck, later, however, confirmed by him and adopted.
This work became the foundation of a quantum theory and for this in particular Einstein received the Nobel Prize for the year The paper "On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies" delineates the principles of special relativity which deals with questions of objects as part of different coordination systems moving with constant speed relative to each other.
It resulted in a new interpretation of the conception of space and time and relies on the constancy of the speed of light and the principle of relativity which postulates that it is impossible to determine motions in an absolute way. Through these publications Einstein attracted the attention of the scientific community.
In April Einstein was promoted to technical expert, second class, at the patent-office in Bern. His "Habilitation" in the German-speaking countries a thesis to be submitted in order to be eligible for a position at the professorial level at the university things did not go so well.
His first application was turned down in by the university of Bern. In earlyhowever, he was successful and at the end of the same year he gave his first lecture.
Einstein had decided that he wanted to devote his time entirely to science; hence, he gave up his position at the patent-office in October and in the same month he started to work as "Ausserordentlicher Professor" adjunct professor of theoretical physics at the university of Zurich.
In Einstein was offered a chair at the German university in Prague which he took on. However, already one year thereafter he returned to Switzerland after having been offered a professorial position at the ETH.
They wanted to make him a member of the Prussian Academy of Sciences, offer him a professorial position without teaching responsibilities at Berlin university and make him the head of the - still to be founded - Kaiser-Wilhelm-Institute of Physics.
For Einstein this offer was so tempting that he accepted and in April moved to Berlin with his family. On July 2nd,he gave his inaugural lecture at the Prussian Academy.
In consequence, already in July his wife and children returned to Zurich. As Einstein was not willing to keep up his marriage with Mileva they became divorced in February From on Einstein became sick, suffering from various diseases resulting in a general weakness which lasted until Throughout this time he was under the loving care of his cousin Elsa Loewenthal.
They fell in love with each other and on June 2nd,he married Elsa who had already two daughters, Ilse and Margot, from her first marriage. The couple then moved to Haberlandstrasse 5 in Berlin. Apart from all his work Einstein still found time for playing music.Albert Einstein was born on March 14, in Ulm, the first child of the Jewish couple Hermann and Pauline Einstein, née Koch.
In June the family moved to Munich where Hermann Einstein and his brother Jakob founded the electrical engineering company Einstein & Cie.
Albert Einstein's sister Maria, called Maja, was born on November 18, Here are 50 interesting facts about Albert Einstein’s childhood, brain, theories, notable work and papers, married life and more 1.
Born: Albert Einstein was born in Ulm, Germany to parents Hermann Einstein and Pauline Einstein, in Watch video · leslutinsduphoenix.com offers a glimpse into the life of Albert Einstein, the most influential physicist of the 20th century who developed the theory of relativity.
The Life of Albert Einstein Liz Hofreiter ETE 03 August 29, Birth and Childhood Albert was born on March 14, in Ulm, Germany.
Parents Hermann and Pauline were non observant Jews whose family business consisted of the manufacturing of electrical parts.
In John B. Watson and Rosalie Rayner demonstrated such fear conditioning in the Little Albert experiment. They started with a 9-month boy called “Albert”, who was unemotional but was made to cry by the loud noise (unconditioned stimulus) of a hammer striking a steel bar.
Early Life ; Adulthood; Opinoin; Why Famous & sourcess Albert Einstein was born into the world march 14, in Ulm Germany.
Albert was born as a thinker.
But Albert didn’t speak until he was 4 or 5 years old. One night during dinner Albert spoke his first words. It's probably because little he replied until now. When Albert was in.