Pre-industrial revolution[ edit ] Prior to the industrial revolution, Norway's economy was largely based on agriculture, timber, and fishing.
The Gjermundbu helmet found in Buskerud is the only known reconstructable Viking Age helmet From the 8th Norway economy the 10th century, the wider Scandinavian region was the source of Vikings.
The looting of the monastery at Lindisfarne in Northeast England in by Norse people has long been regarded as the event which marked the beginning of the Viking Age.
They colonisedraided, and traded in all parts of Europe. Norwegian Viking explorers first discovered Iceland by accident in the 9th century when heading for the Faroe Islandsand eventually came across Vinlandknown today as Newfoundlandin Canada.
Fairhair ruled with a strong hand and according to the sagas, many Norwegians left the country to live in Iceland, the Faroe IslandsGreenlandand parts of Britain and Ireland. One of the most important sources for the history of the 11th century Vikings is the treaty between the Icelanders and Olaf Haraldsson, king of Norway circa to Born sometime in between —, Olav Tryggvasson set off raiding in England with Norway economy.
He attacked London during this raiding. Arriving back in Norway inOlav landed in Moster. There he built a church which became the first Christian church ever built in Norway. However, the administration of government took on a very conservative feudal character.
The Hanseatic League forced the royalty to cede to them greater and greater concessions over foreign trade and the economy. The League had this hold over the royalty because of the loans the Hansa had made to the royalty and the large debt the kings were carrying.
Greater Norway and Civil war era in Norway Norwegian Kingdom at its greatest extent, s From the s tothe country was at peace.
For periods there could be peace, before a lesser son allied himself with a chieftain and started a new conflict. The Archdiocese of Nidaros was created in and attempted to control the appointment of kings.
While in the Viking Age all farmers owned their own land, byseventy percent of the land was owned by the king, the church, or the aristocracy. This was a gradual process which took place because of farmers borrowing money in poor times and not being able to repay.
|Norway Economy | Economy of Norway | Norway Culture and History||Economics The Economy Of Norway The Norwegian economy is a developed, mixed economy wherein the state control some of the most important economic sectors.|
|Economy of Norway - Wikipedia||Norway Economic Outlook August 28, In the second quarter of the economy expanded from the previous quarter at an accelerated rate compared to Q1. Consumption dynamics were beneficial to growth in Q2:|
|Europe :: Norway — The World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency||Norway Economic Outlook November 20, The economy grew at an accelerated quarter-on-quarter rate in Q3 compared to Q2. Higher exports, particularly of hydrocarbons and services, and a decrease in imports underpinned growth in Q3.|
However, tenants always remained free men and the large distances and often scattered ownership meant that they enjoyed much more freedom than continental serfs. Throughout the High Middle Agesthe king established Norway as a sovereign state with a central administration and local representatives.
Later plagues reduced the population to half the starting point by Many communities were entirely wiped out, resulting in an abundance of land, allowing farmers to switch to more animal husbandry. High tithes to church made it increasingly powerful and the archbishop became a member of the Council of State.
InOlaf Haakonsson inherited both the Norwegian and Danish thrones, creating a union between the two countries. She waged war against the Germans, resulting in a trade blockade and higher taxation on Norwegians, which resulted in a rebellion.
However, the Norwegian Council of State was too weak to pull out of the union. The Hanseatic merchants formed a state within a state in Bergen for generations.
There was one revolt under Knut Alvsson in Norway took no part in the events which led to Swedish independence from Denmark in the s.
At the same time, a movement to make Magnus King of Sweden proved successful, and both the kings of Sweden and of Denmark were elected to the throne by their respective nobles, Thus, with his election to the throne of Sweden, both Sweden and Norway were united under King Magnus VII.
Although the death rate was comparable with the rest of Europe, economic recovery took much longer because of the small, scattered population.
She was on the verge of achieving this goal when Olaf IV suddenly died. On 2 FebruaryNorway followed suit and crowned Margaret. She settled on Eric of Pomeraniagrandson of her sister. Thus at an all-Scandinavian meeting held at Kalmar, Erik of Pomerania was crowned king of all three Scandinavian countries.
Thus, royal politics resulted in personal unions between the Nordic countrieseventually bringing the thrones of Norway, Denmarkand Sweden under the control of Queen Margaret when the country entered into the Kalmar Union.
Union with Denmark[ edit ].Data and research on economy including economic outlooks, analysis and forecasts, country surveys, monetary and financial issues, public finance and fiscal policy and productivity., Norway - Economic forecast summary.
The Norwegian economy, once one of Europe's brightest, ground to a halt in late , leaving full-year growth at its lowest in six years and . Norway has a stable economy with a vibrant private sector, a large state sector, and an extensive social safety net.
Norway opted out of the EU during a referendum in November The Human Capital of all children fuels the prosperity of their generation and of the global economy. click.
Norway At-A-Glance. Norway became a member of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development – the World Bank – on Dec. 27, Today, Norway is a member of the five institutions that form the World Bank Group. The League's monopolistic control over the economy of Norway put pressure on all classes, especially the peasantry, to the degree that no real burgher class existed in Norway.
 Civil war and Norway at its greatest extent [ edit ]. Norway has a stable economy with a vibrant private sector, a large state sector, and an extensive social safety net.
Norway opted out of the EU during a referendum in November However, as a member of the European Economic Area, Norway partially participates in the EU’s single market and contributes sizably to the EU budget.