See Article History Alternative Titles: Lesley Hornby, Lesley Lawson Twiggy, original name Lesley Hornby, married name Lesley Lawson, born September 19,Neasden, LondonEnglandBritish fashion model whose gamine frame and mod look defined the industry during much of the late 20th century. The following year, he spearheaded her physical transformation—pairing a short boyish bob with big darkly lined eyes and false eyelashes.
Reggae — Reggae is a music genre that originated in Jamaica in the late s. The term also denotes the modern music of Jamaica and its diaspora.
A single by Toots and the Maytals Do the Reggay was the first popular song to use the word reggae, effectively naming the genre, Reggae usually relates news, social gossip, and political comment.
The immediate origins of reggae were in ska and rock steady, from the latter, stylistically, reggae incorporates some of the musical elements of rhythm and blues, jazz, mento, calypso, African music, as well as other genres.
One of the most easily recognizable elements is offbeat rhythms, staccato chords played by a guitar or piano on the offbeats of the measure, the tempo of reggae is usually slower than ska but faster than rocksteady. The concept of call and response can be found throughout reggae music, the genre of reggae music is led by the drum and bass.
The bass guitar often plays the dominant role in reggae, the bass sound in reggae is thick and heavy, and equalized so the upper frequencies are removed and the lower frequencies emphasized.
The guitar in reggae usually plays on the off beat of the rhythm and it is common for reggae to be sung in Jamaican Patois, Jamaican English, and Iyaric dialects. Reggae is noted for its tradition of criticism and religion in its lyrics, although many reggae songs discuss lighter, more personal subjects, such Short biography leslie twiggy hornby love.
Reggae has spread to countries across the world, often incorporating local instruments. Many reggae artists began their careers in the UK, and there have been a number of European artists and bands drawing their inspiration directly from Jamaica, Reggae in Africa was boosted by the visit of Bob Marley to Zimbabwe in In Jamaica, authentic reggae is one of the biggest sources of income, the edition of the Dictionary of Jamaican English lists reggae as a recently estab.
Reggae as a term first appeared in print with the rocksteady hit Do the Reggay by The Maytals which named the genre of Reggae for the world. Reggae historian Steve Barrow credits Clancy Eccles with altering the Jamaican patois word streggae into reggae, however, Toots Hibbert said, Theres a word we used to use in Jamaica called streggae.
If a girl is walking and the look at her and say Man, shes streggae it means she dont dress well 2. Jamaica — Jamaica is an island country situated in the Caribbean Sea, consisting of the third-largest island of the Greater Antilles. The island,10, square kilometres in area, lies about kilometres south of Cuba, Jamaica is the fourth-largest island country in the Caribbean, by area.
Named Santiago, the island remained a possession of Spain untilunder British colonial rule Jamaica became a leading sugar exporter, with its plantation economy highly dependent on slaves imported from Africa.
The British fully emancipated all slaves inand many chose to have subsistence farms rather than to work on plantations.
Beginning in the s, the British imported Chinese and Indian indentured labour to work on plantations, the island achieved independence from the United Kingdom on 6 August Jamaicans predominately have African ancestry, with significant European, Chinese, Hakka, Indian, due to a high rate of emigration for work since the s, Jamaica has a large diaspora around the world, particularly in Canada, the United Kingdom, and the United States.
Jamaica is a Commonwealth realm, with Queen Elizabeth II as its monarch and her appointed representative in the country is the Governor-General of Jamaica, an office held by Sir Patrick Allen since Colloquially Jamaicans refer to their island as the Rock.
When Christopher Columbus arrived inthere were more than villages ruled by caciques, the south coast of Jamaica was the most populated, especially around the area now known as Old Harbour.
Christopher Columbus claimed Jamaica for Spain after landing there in and his probable landing point was Dry Harbour, now called Discovery Bay, although there is some debate that it might have been St. Jago de la Vega, around Trumpet — A trumpet is a musical instrument commonly used in classical and jazz ensembles.
The trumpet group contains the instruments with the highest register in the brass family, trumpets are used in art music styles, for instance in orchestras, concert bands, and jazz ensembles, as well as in popular music.
They are played by blowing air through almost-closed lips, producing a sound that starts a standing wave vibration in the air column inside the instrument.
Early trumpets did not provide means to change the length of tubing, most trumpets have valves of the piston type, while some have the rotary type. The use of rotary-valved trumpets is more common in orchestral settings, each valve, when engaged, increases the length of tubing, lowering the pitch of the instrument.
A musician who plays the trumpet is called a trumpet player or trumpeter, the earliest trumpets date back to BC and earlier. The bronze and silver trumpets from Tutankhamuns grave in Egypt, bronze lurs from Scandinavia, trumpets from the Oxus civilization of Central Asia have decorated swellings in the middle, yet are made out of one sheet of metal, which is considered a technical wonder.
The Shofar, made from a ram horn and the Hatzotzeroth and they were played in Solomons Temple around years ago. They were said to be used to blow down the walls of Jericho and they are still used on certain religious days.
The Salpinx was a straight trumpet 62 inches long, made of bone or bronze, Salpinx contests were a part of the original Olympic Games. The Moche people of ancient Peru depicted trumpets in their art going back to AD, the earliest trumpets were signaling instruments used for military or religious purposes, rather than music in the modern sense, and the modern bugle continues this signaling tradition.
Improvements to instrument design and metal making in the late Middle Ages, the natural trumpets of this era consisted of a single coiled tube without valves and therefore could only produce the notes of a single overtone series. Changing keys required the player to change crooks of the instrument, the development of the upper, clarino register by specialist trumpeters—notably Cesare Bendinelli—would lend itself well to the Baroque era, also known as the Golden Age of the natural trumpet.
During this period, a vast body of music was written for virtuoso trumpeters, the art was revived in the midth century and natural trumpet playing is again a thriving art around the world.Waiflike, weighing only 92 pounds, the former Leslie Hornby was only 17 years old.
Even her short haircut reminded observers of a boy.
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